The combination of proper melon farming techniques using chemicals is the only effective method for successfully combating this pest. Studies are currently being conducted on the efficacy of various foliar insecticides to Mediterranean fruit fly, melon fly, Malaysian fruit fly, and oriental fruit fly. In some cases, backfilling of melons helps with deterrents - ash, tobacco dust and others. An effective remedy is the planting of frightening plants near the melon - castor oil plants or calendula. The life expectancy of adults is about two months. Apparently t… The body length of the insect is about 0.6-0.7 cm, the wingspan is about 0.5 cm. The Baluchistan Melon Fly (Myiopardalis pardalina) is a major pest of melons and other cucurbits. The pupa matures for about 3 weeks, after which an adult insect is formed from it, which is ready for reproduction in 1-2 days. The nutrition of adult individuals has almost no effect on plant life, since the amount of juice they consume is negligible. Usually one egg is laid in one fruit. The mean incubation period varied from 1.7±0.12 days in 2002 and 1.4±0.16 days in 2003 at temperature range from 31.9 – 32.2°C in 2002 and 27.3 – 30.8°C while, relative humidity was 56.7 – 62.8% during 2002 and 60.6–81.2% during 2003. The time from egg to adult emergence varies, and is generally about 2–3 weeks, and longer over winter. Pupae are dark yellow, almost brown. Larvae can cause a significant decrease in crop quality in any area where they appear. And after 2-4 days they hatch into larvae (maggots) and start to feed on the fruit flesh. It is rare when the pupae of this pest are more than 8 mm. Larvae go through three instars feeding for about 4-7 days. The melon fly can attack flowers, stem, root tissue, and fruit. Even in the south of Asia you can find a melon fly. The life cycle of a leaf miner has the following stages: egg, three larval instars, a pupal instar and the adult fly. If infected fruits are found, they should be picked and destroyed as soon as possible (best burned). In addition, the use of insecticides such as Decis or Arrivo is recommended as a preventive measure. Life cycle. They are common in Lebanon, Iran and Iraq, Syria. The melon fly was first found in California in 1956 and has been captured sporadically over the years, but all infestations have been successfully eradicated. Melon Fly Bactrocera cucurbitae be extruded. The life cycle from egg to adult requires 14-27 days. The melon fruit fly has been reported to infest 95% of bitter gourd fruits in Papua (New Guinea), and 90% snake gourd and 60 to 87% pumpkin fruits in Solomon Islands (Hollingsworth et al., 1997). The lower developmental threshold for melon fruit fly was recorded as 8.1° C (Keck, 1951). During the larval stage, up to 3 larvae of the larva occur. About nine days are required for … Over the entire warm season, about 3 generations … How to determine the appearance of a pest in the beds, Is it possible to eat melons infected with a melon fly, Homemade cucumbers on the balcony and loggia, Ogurdynya: reviews, varieties, planting and care, Processing potatoes before planting from wireworms, Pumpkin Baby, Honey Baby: description and photo, Tomato Beef Big: characteristics and description of the variety, Tomato Fatima: variety description, photos, reviews, Tomato Larisa F1: reviews, photos, productivity, Varieties of tomatoes that do not require pinching. They are major pests of beans, bitter melon, wax gourd, cucumbers, edible gourds, eggplant, green beans, hyotan, luffa, melons, peppers, pumpkins, squashes, togan, tomatoes, watermelon, and zucchini. As a rule, a plant loses much more fluid from various mechanical damages. The lifespan of an adult fly varies depending on many factors, and can be as long as 5–15 months. Microscopic footage showing fruit fly anatomy and its life-cycle. Nutrition of adult insects is carried out by sucking the juices of plants on which they parasitize. Life History In total, up to 3 generations of flies can appear during the season. In Asia, it is recorded from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, Life Cycle. Larvae emerge from the eggs within 48 hours. The appearance of flies on the territory of Ukraine, Moldova, southern Russia. Chemical prophylaxis of melon is also used. On them four transverse stripes of yellow color are visible. The lower and upper developmental thresholds for eggs were 11.4 and 36.4° C (Messenger and Flitters, … They damage the fetus from the inside (eating the pulp and seeds), making it unfit for consumption, inhibit the formation of seeds. Despite the fact that for a person a melon fly is not dangerous, there are still fruits that are affected by it, but it is not worth it. In addition to traditional melons, watermelons and pumpkins, this pest can threaten about a hundred other plants. The spring years coincide with the formation of fruits in the spring. MELON FLY . Further, it is recommended to repeat the treatment after 2 weeks. The main danger of the melon fly is its high fecundity. At the same time, the nutritional pattern of insects is very interesting and depends on the sex of an adult. When the larva reaches a size of about 1 cm, it pupates. Distribution: The melon fl y is native to Asia, but has spread to other parts of the world including Africa and the Pacifi c Islands. Young or newly formed fruits, whose skin is still not dense, are especially vulnerable to flies. The melon fly. Melon fly prefers such cucurbits as watermelon, cantaloupe, pumpkin, squash, ... these plants form an unstable resource to which the biology and life cycle of D. cucurbitae are well adapted. The main pests are melon fly larvae. I have written briefly about this subject in another article but since then, I have been bombarded with additional questions and requests for more pictures so I decided to dedicate an entire article to this subject. Eggs can also be laid into flowers, stems as well as exposed roots. The first spring years of the melon fly coincides with the formation of the first fruits, although the females are capable of reproduction already on the 10th day of their life. The mature larva emerges from the fruit, drops to the ground, and forms a tan to dark brown puparium. During this time, one female is able to lay more than a hundred eggs. The plants are first treated in early spring, immediately after the formation of the first leaves, the second treatment is performed after the formation of the first loops. Outside of malathion protein bait sprays and GF-120 NF Naturalyte Fruit Fly Bait, little information is available on other insecticides. Usually the color of the head is brighter. The maggots (larvae) are creamy-white, legless and attain a length of 10 mm. Melon Fly Life Cycle. For these purposes, Zenith means (in concentrations of 0.25 liters per 10 liters of water) or Rapira (2 liters of solution per 1 ha) are used. The African melon fly is widespread in the countries of the Mediterranean basin, the Caucasus and Central Asia. The first signs of infection with fruit parasites is the appearance of many small spots or tubercles on them, which are formed in places where females bite the skin. The eyes located at the edges of the head are located at a relatively large distance from each other, in contrast to the ordinary fly, in which they practically converge in the upper part of the head. bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon. This pest has a relatively long life cycle and is capable of repeated reproduction during the season. Prior to its invasion, cucurbit crops were widely grown for local consumption and some were exported to California. 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