Prior to eradication from Nauru, B. dorsalis and mango fly B. frauenfeldi (Schiner) infested 95% of mangoes, 90% of guavas and almost 10% of soursops. Oecologia (Berlin) 60: 279-284. 0000007680 00000 n Plantes hôtes à La Réunion: manguier, goyavier, agrumes, papayes, bananier, badamier, jamrosat, jamalac. 0000008380 00000 n 1953. San Salvador: Org. Bactrocera dorsalis was formerly known as Dacus dorsalis. Based on our previously constructed B. dorsalis transcriptome, six OBP s that were differentially expressed during three different physiological adult stages were identified. Liquido NJ. startxref Si les interceptions à l’import concernent principalement les mangues, elles peuvent s’attaquer à de nombreux autres fruits tropicaux (papaye, goyave, banane…). 770 0 obj <> endobj 0000004697 00000 n Pictorial Key to Fruit Fly Larvae of the Family Tephritidae. Larvae of fruit flies. 0000011690 00000 n Impact of introduction of. 2006;Cugala2011).Yield lossesdue to fruit fly infestation are reported to be more than 40% with-out control (Ekesi et al. Photograph by Scott Bauer, USDA. University of Florida (Gainesville), MS thesis. 0000003322 00000 n Synonymization of key pest species within the. Wong TTY, McInnis DO, Nishimoto JI. The only band of spinules encircling the body is found on the first segment. Figure 5. 0000012188 00000 n Bactrocera dorsalis, previously known as Dacus dorsalis and commonly referred to as the oriental fruit fly, is a species of tephritid fruit fly that is endemic to Southeast Asia.It is one of the major pest species in the genus Bactrocera with a broad host range of cultivated and wild fruits. 0000001797 00000 n The Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) is here reported to infest apple, apricot, nectarine, pear, peach and quince fruits from the Kashmir valley. Sanidad. In Hawaii, larvae were found in more than 125 kinds of hosts. Anterior spiracle of larva. 0000054012 00000 n 2009; Mwatawala etal. Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. Photograph by Scott Bauer, USDA. 1953. 0000001097 00000 n Bactrocera carambolae can be difficult to distinguish from other B. dorsalis complex species. 0000008984 00000 n Ovipositor of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). 0000021254 00000 n La femelle pond des œufs en général dans les fruits. The biology and identification of trypetid larvae (Diptera: Trypetidae). This pest has been intercepted on many occasions at ports of entry on the U.S. mainland. Development from egg to adult under summer conditions requires about 16 days. Female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, ovipositing on citrus fruit. 0000011318 00000 n Applied Entomology and Zoology, Vol. Figure 11. Subtropical Fruit Pests. Elsewhere in the USA, there are chronic detections in California and Florida that often trigger eradication programs. 0000016494 00000 n The external part of the anterior respiratory organs, the spiracles, located one on each side of the pointed or head end of the larva, has an exaggerated and deflexed lobe at each side and bears many small tubercles. Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural Fruit Fly Eradication Project Office. Récemment, on a proposé des sondes à ADN comme moyen pratique de discrimination entre tous les stades vivants des trois principaux téphritidés présents à Hawaii (C. capitata, Bactrocera cucurbitae et B. dorsalis) (Haymer et al., 1994). International Journal of Biological Sciences 9: 331–342. 0000018164 00000 n Hardy DE. Larvae of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). Entrez votre identifiant et votre mot de passe puis cliquez sur le bouton M'authentifier. 0000006077 00000 n This species is generally characterized by a predominantly black thorax, while featuring abdominal segments with brown lateral posterior markings and a medial longitudinal black band over all three tergum. The mature larva emerges from the fruit, drops to the ground, and forms a tan to dark brown puparium. 1.Introduction. A quarantine was established and an eradication program begun (CDFA 2010). Phillips VT. 1946. Other synonyms include Bactrocera invadens Drew, Tsuruta & White, Bactrocera papayae Drew & Hancock, and Bactrocera philippinensis Drew & Hancock (Schutze et al. Foote RH, Blanc FL. Cycle biologique de Bactrocera dorsalis Le cycle de la mouche des fruits orientale comporte 4 stades : (i) oeuf, (ii) larve (3 stades), (iii) pupe et (iv) adulte. Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. & Figure 12. Larve Décrite par White & Elson-Harris (1992). Figure 13. Distributions of these species are mapped with their pest status and invasion history by Vargas et al. 0000022574 00000 n Head and buccal carinae of larva. The color of the fly is very variable, but there are prominant yellow and dark brown to black markings on the thorax. Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural Fruit Fly Eradication Project Office. (July 2007). The identification of the genes responsible for volatile perception is a prerequisite for the elucidation of the molecular mechanism of olfaction. 1989. The molecular identification of B. caryeae through DNA barcoding (COI) proves to be problematic as this species cannot be properly resolved from a number of closely related species, including species from the B. dorsalis species complex (see ISPM 27 DP 29 - IPPC, 2019). Effect of ripeness and location of papaya fruits on the parasitization rates of Oriental fruit fly and melon fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) by braconid (Hymenoptera) parasitoids. The extracted DNA was generated from legs of the specimens and these flies represent the 33 unique COI sequences in that Hawaiian study. Steiner traps baited with a lure and toxicant are also used to monitor the presence and control of the flies. Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural Fruit Fly Eradication Project Office. Caudal end of larva. USDA-APHIS, in cooperation with threatened states, has established action plans that go into effect when fruit flies are trapped and reported (USDA 2008). Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural Fruit Fly Eradication Project Office. 2011), Pacific Islands: Mariana Islands, Tahiti, Hawaii. Abstract. Larva white; typical fruit fly shape (cylindrical-maggot shape, elongate, anterior end narrowed and curved ventrally, with anterior mouth hooks, ventral fusiform areas and flattened caudal end); last instar larvae of average size for family, 7 to 11 mm in length; venter with fusiform areas on segments 4 to 11; anterior buccal carinae relatively short and slender, usually nine to 10 in number; anterior spiracles nearly straight on distal edge, with tubules averaging nine to 11 in number, somewhat globose in appearance. 0000005597 00000 n 69 pp. 0000005478 00000 n Bactrocera dorsalis Détectée en avril 2017 à La Réunion. Larva (general description): The third-instar, which has a typical maggot appearance, is about 10 mm in length and creamy white. 0000013756 00000 n Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. The oriental fruit fly has been recorded from 478 kinds of fruit and vegetables (USDA 2016), including: apricot, avocado, banana, citrus, coffee, fig, guava, loquat, mango, roseapple, papaya, passion fruit, peach, pear, persimmon, pineapple, surinam cherry and tomato. (2015). 0000010645 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n Les mouches du complexe Bactrocera dorsalissont très polyphages. Ce genre comprend plus de 500 espèces décrites, plusieurs d'entre elles s'attaquent aux fruits cultivés et ont donc un impact économique important [1]. Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor in a papaya. The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is a destructive agricultural pest causing severe economic losses to more than 600 kinds of fruits and vegetables, such as citrus and chili peppers, and has been listed as a quarantine pest in many countries and regions (Chen et al., 2019). The tropical fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) of the Australasian and Oceanian region. 1979. Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. The oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalisis one of the most destructive agricultural insect pests in many Asian countries. 1969. Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. A Review of Recorded Host Plants of Oriental Fruit Fly, Vargas RI, Leblanc L, Putoa R, Eitam A. Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural Fruit Fly Eradication Project Office. It was a serious pest of citrus and other subtropical fruits in Japan, Okinawa, and the Japanese islands of Amami, Miyako, and Bonin before it was eradicated. The posterior spiracles are located in the dorsal third of the segment as viewed from the rear of the larva. These markings may form a T-shaped pattern, but the pattern varies considerably. Posterior spiracles and anal lobes of larva. Schutze MK, Aketarawong N, Amornsak W, Armstrong KF, Augustinos AA, Barr N, Bo W, Bourtzis K, Boykin LM, … Pest survey card on Bactrocera dorsalis European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Antoon Loomans, Makrina Diakaki, Mart Kinkar, Martijn Schenk, Sybren Vos Abstract This pest survey card was prepared in the context of the EFSA mandate on plant pest surveillance (M-2017-0137), at the request of the European Commission. However, no miRNAs have been identified from the separate sex and gonads to elucidate sex gonad differentiation in B. (2016). The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, is one of the most destructive fruit-eating pests, causing enormous economic losses to the fruit and vegetable industry worldwide. South Brisbane, Australia. 0000015057 00000 n Figure 15. Agropec. 4, p. 609. 1989. The caudal segment is very smooth. The oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis is a highly invasive agricultural pest with an extremely broad host range and high fecundity. The mature larva emerges from the fruit, drops to the ground, and forms a tan to dark brown puparium about 4.9 mm in length. Figure 1. h���A 0ð4(F~\Gc���������z�C. 0000008671 00000 n Egg: The white, elongate and elliptical egg measures about 1.17 x 0.21 mm and has a chorion without sculpturing. 3X width) oval openings on each kidney-shaped spiracular plate, with dorsal and ventral spiracles angled to the caudal end center, and the median spiracle relatively straight; interspiracular processes (hairs) numerous, at four sites on each plate, latero-distal to spiracles, and the tips usually bifurcate; anal lobes entire and prominent. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 26. Adults of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). Although its' name does not illicit much response here in Singapore, in countries such as the United States and Kenya, the mention of the Oriental fruit fly will send agricultural farmers, fruit vendors, immigration authorities fuming mad. Eggs of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). Steiner trap used to monitor and control the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). endstream endobj 807 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[37 733]/Length 47/Size 770/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream fruit flies including Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel is the most important factor hampering the production of the crop in Africa in general and Mozambique in particular (Ekesi et al. 0000007030 00000 n 1983. Ebeling W. 1959. Generally, the abdomen has two horizontal black stripes and a longitudinal median stripe extending from the base of the third segment to the apex of the abdomen. The extensive damage caused by the oriental fruit fly in areas similar to Florida indicates that this species could rapidly become a very serious pest of citrus and other fruit and vegetables if it became established in Florida. The above descriptions were from larvae examined in verified samples from Hawaii (in immatures collection of the Florida State Collection of Arthropods). Adult: The adult, which is noticeably larger than a house fly, has a body length of about 8.0 mm; the wing is about 7.3 mm in length and is mostly hyaline. It is the principal pest of mangoes in the Philippines. Adult female (center) and anterior spiracle of third instar larva (lower left). Adults of the wasp Biosteres arisanus, a parasitoid of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). 2007. Under optimum conditions, a female can lay more than 3,000 eggs during her lifetime, but under field conditions from 1,200 to 1,500 eggs per female is considered to be the usual production. 43, Issue. 0000011431 00000 n The following characters, in particular, distinguish larvae of the oriental fruit fly from the medfly (Heppner 1985): the anterior spiracles are aligned with a straighter distal margin than in the medfly and the tubules (9-11) are noticeably bulbous; the cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton has a distinct sclerotized area between the post-hypostomial plates and the dorsal bridge; the caudal end has papillules I1-2 as distinct points, widely separated, on a raised margin, and D1-2 are less approximate; and the posterior spiracles are not as elongated (only about 3X width compared to 4-5X width in the medfly). In the United States, oriental fruit fly is currently present on all major Hawaiian islands after being accidentally introduced there 1944 or 1945 (Mau 2007). h�b``�b``=������8�� ��X8N4�ۡ�:��H*qr,:"sع�z��� The developmental periods may be extended considerably by cool weather. Bactrocera ferruginea (Fabricius, 1794) Chaetodacus ferrugineus var. Figure 8. Bactrocera dorsalis complex ... vegetables associated with international trade and that can be confused with B. dorsalis during an identification are also included in the protocol. B. dorsalis est une espèce tropicale qui affectionne les climats chauds et humides. However, avocado, mango and papaya are the most commonly attacked. 0000046799 00000 n Cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton of larva. Bactrocera est un genre d'insectes diptères de la famille des Tephritidae (un des genres de mouches des fruits ou drosophiles). Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. Genome-wide identification and expression profiling of odorant-binding proteins in the oriental ... OBPs are also believed to accelerate the termination of the odorant response. Figure 3. ADULT IDENTIFICATION: The thorax typically is mostly dark with two prominent, yellow stripes dorsally, a yellow scutellum, and yellow areas laterally; the abdomen has a prominent, ‘T’-shaped, black pattern on a rusty brown background, plus variable other dark markings laterally. Insects Micronesia (Honolulu) 14: 1-28. 1985. Identification, mRNA expression, and functional analysis of chitin synthase 1 gene and its two alternative splicing variants in oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis. 0000004112 00000 n Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 12: 1-161. Taxonomy and distribution of the oriental fruit fly and related species (Tephritidae, Diptera). Identification of Fruit Fly Larvae Frequently Intercepted at Ports of Entry of the United States. Reg. Figure 14. Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs in fruit. Bactrocera dorsalis has established and been eradicated from a number of places, including Ryukyu Islands in Japan, and Nauru, Guam and Northern Mariana Islands in the Pacific. 0000007944 00000 n Bibliographic References All Japanese territories were declared free of the oriental fruit fly in 1985, after an 18-year program of eradication combining insecticide-impregnated fiberblocks or cotton containing the powerful male attractant methyl-eugenol, and the sterile insect (sterile male) technique. Figure 6. It is native to large parts of tropical Asia, has become established over much of sub-Saharan Africa, and is often intercepted in the United States, sometimes triggering eradication programs. 0000001620 00000 n setae, a narrow costal band that dips in at R2+3, a very narrow anal streak, and in not having a T that broadly wraps round the lateral edges of terga III-V. The purpose of the document is to assist the Member States to plan annual … Pruitt JH. Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 7: 1-117. <<764A974A396BBC4B8252E888410E1415>]/Prev 783973/XRefStm 1422>> 1991. 1963. University of Florida (Gainesville), MS thesis. In July 2010, fruit flies were discovered in traps in Sacramento and Placer counties. Larva (scientific description): The larva of the oriental fruit fly is quite similar to that of the Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly) (Berg 1979, Hardy and Adachi 1956, Pruitt 1953). 770 39 l'identification devrait dans tous les cas être confiée à un spécialiste. 0000034617 00000 n Shahid Ali Akbar, Sajad Un Nabi, Sheikh Mansoor, Kamran Ahmad Khan, Morpho-molecular identification and a new host report of Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) from the Kashmir valley (India), International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 10.1007/s42690-019-00083-w, (2019). Pupation occurs in the soil. 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