Wifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902–1982) was a Cuban-born painter, draughtsman, and sculptor, born to a Chinese father and Afro-Cuban mother. Sagua La Grande est une petite ville sur la côte nord, centre sucrier de la Province de Las Villas. In 1929 he married Eva Piriz, but both she and their young son died in 1931 of tuberculosis; it is likely that this personal tragedy contributed to the dark nature of his work. Peintre cubain, promoteur d’une peinture métissée alliant modernisme occidental et symboles africains et caribéens créant ainsi un langage singulier et contemporain. Lam's Afro-Cuban ancestry, coupled with his sympathy towards the poor, underrepresented and oppressed inspired him to depict typically dark, emotionally intense images of … Wifredo Lam was born and raised in Sagua La Grande, a village in the sugar farming province of Villa Clara, Cuba. Wifredo Lam savait qu'il n'y a pas de jungle à Cuba, mais la manigua (maquis dense et épineux). » Lam poursuit le même combat que le poète martiniquais Aimé Césaire, « peindre le drame de son pays, la cause et l’esprit des Noirs. Il est l’élève des peintres Leopoldo Romañach et Armando Menocal. In the mornings he would attend his conservative teacher's studio, while he spent his evenings working alongside young, nonconformist painters. Opened in 1983, the Wifredo Lam Center for Contemporary Art (in Spanish: Centro de Arte Contemporáneo Wifredo Lam) is a state-run gallery in tribute to Lam and located in Havana, Cuba. Ceci fait partie de l'article Wikipédia utilisé sous licence CC-BY-SA. Though Lam's dislike for academic conservatism persisted, his time in Spain marked his technical development in which he began to merge a primitive aesthetic and the traditions of Western composition. Il apprend auprès d’elle les rudiments du culte et de ses mystères, sans jamais être initié. Wifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902–1982) was a Cuban-born painter, draughtsman, and sculptor, born to a Chinese father and Afro-Cuban mother. Oil On Canvas Vintage Art Artist Art Cuban Art Visual Artist Western Art African Art Painting. Il s’intéresse très tôt aux œuvres de Léonard de Vinci, Velasquez, Goya mais aussi de Paul Gauguin ou Eugène Delacroix. Mère et enfant, II, 1939 [Visage cubiste], 1939. close. Wifredo Lam était un artiste d'origine cubaine qui a atteint la renommée pour son travail en tant que peintre. During the 1930s Lam was exposed to a variety of influences. Description: WIFREDO LAM (1902-1982) ... Lam began producing paintings that were dominated by hybridized human-animal-vegetal figures, and produced his most famous work, The Jungle (1943), which depicted four grotesque figures with mask-like faces emerging from dense vegetation. In 1923, Lam moved to Spain, where he remained until the late 1930s. Comment: This painting is the one to which Alejo Carpentier refers as a key for seeing and understanding what lo real maravilloso (Magical Realism?) The full text of the article is here →. “It’s a way—my way of communicating between human beings,” he stated. » Il a inventé un langage propre, unique et original, pour « défendre la dignité de la vie[2]. Wifredo Lam. At the Prado, Lam discovered and was awed by the work of Hieronymus Bosch and Pieter Bruegel I. Peintre cubain, promoteur d’une peinture métissée alliant modernisme occidental et symboles africains et caribéens créant ainsi un langage singulier et contemporain. La Jungla [La Jungle] [The Jungle] 1943 Huile sur papier marouflé 239,4 x 229,9 cm (94 1/4 x 90 1/2 in.) Wifredo Lam was a Cuban artist who sought to portray and revive the enduring Afro-Cuban spirit and culture. Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. Peint en 1949. oil on canvas 48 7/8 x 43 1/8 in. De 1918 à 1923, Lam est inscrit à l’Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes San Alejandro (es). Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla, dit Wifredo Lam, est né à Sagua La Grande, (Cuba) le 8 décembre 1902 et mort à Paris le 11 septembre 1982. The influence of Surrealism was discernible in his work, as well as that of Henri Matisse. De mère métisse, aux origines hispano-congolaises, et de père chinois immigré à Cuba, Wifredo Lam grandit dans une famille modeste et ouverte d’esprit : son père qui tient un petit commerce, est un homme lettré qui maîtrise la calligraphie. This is a part of the Wikipedia article used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). « With regard to life, modern painting is a revolutionary activity… » Wifredo Lam Jeunesse et formation du peintre cubain. Autoportrait circa 1923 Huile sur toile 24 x 21,3 cm (9 1/2 x 8 3/8 in.) Wifredo Lam est un artiste cubain surtout connu pour son esthétique surréaliste unique qui mêle mouvements artistiques européens et imagerie de son pays natal. In this monumental painting, Wifredo Lam (1902–1982) leaves no corner unfilled. While his early paintings were in the modernist Spanish tradition, his work soon became more simplified and decorative. C’est là qu’il passe son enfance, dans un environnement mêlant plusieurs civilisations et croyances : le catholicisme cubain auquel appartient sa mère qui le fait baptiser lorsqu'il a 5 ans; le culte des ancêtres pratiqué par son père ; et les traditions africaines, liées à la santeria, que lui apprend sa marraine, Antonica Wilson, dite Mantonica, une prêtresse très renommée de ce rite. « Lam, c’est aussi l’âme de ce temps dans son combat pour la justice, pour la libération des réalités longtemps opprimée[1]. The retrospective on Cuban painter Wifredo Lam (Sagua La Grande, 1902 – Paris, 1982), organised by the Centre Pompidou, Museo Reina Sofía and Tate Modern, acknowledges the common desire to consider modernity in all its complexity and endeavours to redefine Lam’s work inside a history of international art in which he stands as a key figure. Lam’s Cuban paintings of the 1940s are much bigger than his earlier works and infinitely more original. Image: Wifredo Lam, "La Jungla / The Jungle" (1943, oil on canvas). Ce dernier meurt en 1926, âgé de 108 ans. Lam fréquente une école publique dans un quartier populaire de sa ville natale et c'est dès l’âge de sept ans que naît sa vocation d’artiste et qu’il se passionne pour le dessin. Wifredo Lam - 28 artworks - painting. Between 1918 and 1923, Lam studied painting at the Escuela de Bellas Artes, but preferred painting outdoors to the traditional academic setting. Well as that of Henri Matisse https: //fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wifredo_Lam the Escuela de Bellas San... His conservative teacher 's studio, while he spent his evenings working alongside young, painters!: //fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wifredo_Lam abandonne des études de droit pour suivre une formation artistique et devenir portraitiste 1923 Huile sur 124.2. 1862, est une mulâtresse descendant d ’ une peinture métissée alliant modernisme occidental et symboles africains et créant. 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