Check out using a credit card or bank account with. Ours is the first study of its kind on the Philippine skin whitening industry. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2013.09.050. Dr. Belo's skin-care line, available in drugstores in the Philippines, is the most lucrative part of her business. We recommend anchoring government intervention in transaction cost-reduction, containing the externalities of skin bleaching, and institutionalizing third party partnerships. 2005 Oct;44 Suppl 1:39-40  |  Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. We are doing a mini research on how big Filipinos are on the skin whitening industry (for school). FDA Banned Goree Skin Lighteners Confiscated by Philippines CustomsIn the modern world, there is a growing social pressure for people to have lighter skin. ... Glutathione is a popular whitening supplement in the Philippines. Desmedt B, Van Hoeck E, Rogiers V, Courselle P, De Beer JO, De Paepe K, Deconinck E. J Pharm Biomed Anal. For example, most endorsers of skin whitening products in the Philippines are mixed-race Asians. 2003 Mar;22(2):151-85 1 comment. Failure to do so would leave consumers extremely vulnerable to the forces of supply and demand that favor toxic whiteners, particularly in a market where voluntary collective action is difficult to organize. 2014 Mar;90:85-91. doi: 10.1016/j.jpba.2013.11.024. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. According to a study, 2 out of 5 women in Asia (Philippines, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Korea) think they are more beautiful with fair skin tone. Epub 2013 Dec 8. We gathered empirical data on the quality and quantity of health-related information about skin whiteners with a multi-stage probability sample of consumers in two cities in the Philippines (n = 110; a = 0.05). With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. NIH Systemic skin whitening/lightening agents: what is the evidence? My experience with more than a dozen begs to differ. For centuries, there has always been a sense of superiority for people with lighter skin over people with darker skin. Its popularity owes mainly to post-colonial, internalized … This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Routine skin whitener use ranges from 25% in Mali to 77% in Nigeria, and it's 40% in China, Malaysia, the Philippines and South Korea, according to the … We are doing a mini research on how big Filipinos are on the skin whitening industry (for school). 2 2. comments. Its popularity owes mainly to post-colonial, internalized racism. 2001;28(3-4):13-38 Our goal is to be publisher of choice for all our stakeholders – for authors, customers, business partners, the academic communities we serve and the staff who work for us. JPHP aims to create a more inclusive public health policy dialogue, within nations and among them. This study examines whether government intervention is necessary and more efficient than market-driven approaches in addressing the health risks and harms associated with skin whitening. Thank you so much po. Its popularity owes mainly to post-colonial, internalized racism. This has impeded regulatory efficacy. We aim to do this by reaching the maximum readership with works of the highest quality. In the present day, the skin-lightening industry preys on this obsession by producing and selling products that are marketed towards Filipinos who are insecure about their tanned and darker complexions. 2015 Aug;18(3):379-91. doi: 10.1007/s11019-014-9619-0. -. 2018 Jul;11(7):26-30. Magazines and commercials are ridden with advertisements for … The global skin-lightening industry is estimated to be worth $8.6 billion in … 2016 May-Jun;82(3):262-72. doi: 10.4103/0378-6323.179088. Skin whitening among Cameroonian female university students: knowledge, attitudes, practices and motivations. In the Philippines and other developing countries, the skin whitening industry is prolific and expanding among native populations. Skin Whitening lotions in the Philippines claim that they do not dry the skin out. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. BMC Res Notes. Health Mark Q. However, this desire for white skin has dire health repercussions, both physical and psychological. For instance, in countries such as Japan, the Philippines, and China, skin lightening products are often linked to protection from sun and whitening skin and fair skin is associated with attractiveness and marriageability. 2014 Feb;70(2):281-7.e3. Hello! In the Philippines, most people have tanned or darker skin, yet society favours those with fairer skin. Select the purchase 2017 Nov;68(11):885-889. doi: 10.1007/s00105-017-4016-2. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Prevalence and patterns of skin toning practices among female students in Ghana: a cross-sectional university-based survey. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. A skin whitening brand received universal backlash from the public after telling women in the Philippines with dark skin to fight discrimination by using their products. Hautarzt. Regardless of their socio-demographic characteristics, we find that cognitive biases and information asymmetries build and sustain consumers' trust in manufacturers and distributors of skin whiteners while, paradoxically, breeding uncertainties over the integrity of these products. The Skin Whitening Industry in the Philippines . Users of skin whiteners are disproportionately located in Metro Manila – the Philippines’ most urbanized and densely populated region. Regardless of their socio-demographic characteristics, we find that cognitive biases and information asymmetries … This has impeded regulatory efficacy. I’ll leave the skin whitening job to my soap, get a hydrating lotion, and enjoy my restful sleep without having the need to scratch something while in the middle of my slumber. HHS A pediatric surgeon in Manila told me about the relatively affluent parents of a 1-year-old baby who came to his clinic and greeted him with this question: “Look doctor, don’t you notice how whiter … Would you like email updates of new search results? We recommend anchoring government intervention in transaction cost-reduction, containing the externalities of skin bleaching, and institutionalizing third party partnerships. The intensive care was especially made for people with my skin type and I like how I get to experience rapid whitening results without the unnecessary itching and breakouts that I experienced with Kojie-San. share. Research on Philippines’ Skin Whitening Industry. Published By: Palgrave Macmillan Journals, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. Gideon Lasco O thers were openly proud of their whitening achievements, not just of themselves but also of their family members. The skin whitening industry in the Philippines Roger Lee Mendoza School of Business, Wilmington University, 3 1 Reads Way, New Castle, DE 19720, USA. As part of the Macmillan Group, we represent an unbroken tradition of 150 years of independent academic publishing, continually reinventing itself for the future. USA.gov. While, in Korean countries, these products are linked to youthfulness. Spectrometric analysis of mercury content in 549 skin-lightening products: is mercury toxicity a hidden global health hazard? Kirei Glutathione - Skin Whitening Philippines December 3, 2020 at 11:04 PM MERRY CHRISTMAS Have a this Holiday! Palgrave Macmillan is a global academic publisher, serving learning and scholarship in higher education and the professional world. ©2000-2021 ITHAKA. NLM This study examines whether government intervention is necessary and more efficient than market-driven approaches in addressing the health risks and harms associated with skin whitening. The global skin lightening industry was worth US$8.3 billion (S$11.75 billion) in 2018. However, what most consider as ideal “Asian features”–i.e. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. Request Permissions. Epub 2018 Jul 1. Skin bleaching is a rapidly growing industry that’s estimated to reach a valuation of $24 billion USD in the next decade, but it’s rife with controversy. The Philippines is one of the biggest markets in the world for skin whitening, and we have the plethora of products and treatments to prove it. Skin whitening products are commonly sold in stores in the Philippines. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. -, Resour Fem Res. Skin lightening: The beauty industry's ugly billion-dollar secret. To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. Its popularity owes mainly to post-colonial, internalized racism. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! -, Int J Dermatol. save. Prejudice against darker skin has led to a thriving industry of whitening and lightening creams. Thank you po! Our programme focuses on the Humanities, the Social Sciences and Business. Skin whitening is a big and booming industry in many developing countries. Key MethodWe gathered empirical data on the quality and quantity of health-related information about skin whiteners with a multi-stage probability sample of consumers in two cities in the Philippines (n=110; α=0.05). Abstract Skin whitening is a big and booming industry in many developing countries. In fact, this obsession goes back to more than 400 years. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Hello! © 2014 Palgrave Macmillan Journals This 2017 Apr 17;17(1):33. doi: 10.1186/s12905-017-0385-z. Journal of Public Health Policy Hamann CR, Boonchai W, Wen L, Sakanashi EN, Chu CY, Hamann K, Hamann CP, Sinniah K, Hamann D. J Am Acad Dermatol. JPHP is formally affiliated with the World Federation of Public Health Associations. fair skin, jet-black hair, almond-shaped eyes, etc.–were somewhat influenced by Western ideals as well. [Dangerous cosmetic products in Germany : Analysis of the RAPEX database of the European Commission]. Autonomy and paternalism in medical e-commerce. This relentless pursuit for fair skin has driven consumers to take the unnecessary risks of using tainted products despite the repeated warnings by government authorities and groups like the EcoWaste Coalition. save. Agyemang-Duah W, Mensah CM, Anokye R, Dadzie E, Gyimah AA, Arthur-Holmes F, Peprah P, Yawson F, Baah EA. J Health Econ. As such, there are currently hundreds of skin care products that […] Skin whitening is a big and booming industry in many developing countries. ] It broadens public health policy debates beyond the 'health system' to examine all forces and environments that impinge on the health of populations. Skin whitening products are continually in demand in Asian countries like the Philippines, where a lighter complexion is still the standard of beauty in Asia. Regardless of their socio-demographic characteristics, we find that cognitive biases and information asymmetries build and sustain consumers' trust in manufacturers and distributors of skin whiteners while, paradoxically, breeding uncertainties over the integrity of these products. E-mail: roger.l.mendoza@wilmu.edu Abstract Skin whitening is a big and booming industry in many developing countries. Patterns of Over-the-counter Lightening Agent Use among Patients with Hyperpigmentation Disorders: A United States-based Cohort Study. In a documentary by Refinery29, Lexy Lebsack travels to Manila to find out more about our country's skin whitening industry. Med Health Care Philos. We publish textbooks, journals, monographs, professional and reference works in print and online. However, this desire for white skin has dire health repercussions, both physical and psychological. 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