Its medium wave transmission was jammed by the UK authorities and on 13 June, RNI changed its name to Radio Caroline International with co-operation from Ronan O'Rahilly. The only singer to stay overnight, she helped present programmes, make jingles, and close the station at night.[14]. Radio Caroline's first programme, on 28 March 1964, was presented by Chris Moore. In late 1977, Radio Caroline began sponsored evangelical programmes, and music programmes began at 9 p.m. On 20 October 1978, technical and financial problems put the Mi Amigo off the air. It commemorated the 40th anniversary of Radio Caroline and promoted the station's legal internet and satellite programmes. That autumn various tests, consisting of continuous music, were made on 259 metres. Radio Caroline's first musical theme was Jimmy McGriff's "Round Midnight", a jazz standard co-composed by Thelonious Monk. [6], The Offshore Radio Revolution in Britain 1964 - 2004, Privately Owned Holiday Apartments in Lanzarote, Canary Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robbie_Dale&oldid=959154401, People from Littleborough, Greater Manchester, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 May 2020, at 11:34. One 5 kW transmitter was initially not serviceable. [35] The remaining 5 kW transmitter was later converted for short wave use. In May 2017, Ofcom awarded the station a community licence to broadcast to Suffolk and north Essex on 648 kHz with a power of 1 kW. The sound of the very first bell from Radio Caroline in 1964 heralded the start of a completely new type of sound coming out of British transistor radios - the radio jingle. In 1972, MV Mi Amigo was bought for her scrap value at auction by enthusiast Gerard van Dam, who intended to use her as a free radio museum. Non-Dutch staff were given the option of staying on the ship or returning to the Netherlands – most chose to stay on board. [5] In Timaru, an NZBC station, originally 3XC, later 3ZC, broadcast as Radio Caroline until 1995. In an extant photo, Caroline Kennedy and her brother, John F. Kennedy Jr., are apparently dancing in the Oval Office as their father looks on, an activity which O'Rahilly reportedly interpreted as a playful disruption of government.[8][9]. Miss P is one of the most famous female radio DJs of all times. [7] On a fund-raising trip to the U.S., O'Rahilly reportedly saw a Life magazine photograph of Kennedy and his children in the Oval Office that served as the inspiration for the name "Caroline Radio". Using land-based studios leased in Kent[47] in the late 1990s, the station began broadcasting via satellites Astra 19.2°E and Eutelsat 28A, covering western Europe. Ownership was hidden due to illegality of operation. [citation needed]. On 5 November 1990, lack of fuel and supplies forced the station to stop transmitting. Each of his crew was awarded The Thanks of the Institution on vellum. Radio Caroline began to broadcast from the ship on 19 August 1983, with unwanted mechanical sounds on speech. However, according to Gerry Bishop's book Offshore Radio this transmitter was antiquated and failed to work. Programmes were still heard on satellite until the provider replaced the signal with a 1 kHz tone on the morning of 1 October 2013. Radio Caroline was begun by Irish musician manager and businessman Ronan O'Rahilly, after he failed to obtain airplay on Radio Luxembourg for Georgie Fame's records because the station was committed to sponsored programmes promoting major record labels: EMI, Decca, Pye and Philips. Engineer Peter Chicago had hidden transmitter parts during the raid and retuned one 5 kW transmitter, previously used on short-wave, to 558 kHz. Caroline claimed boarding the ship and removal or destruction of equipment was piracy. To accommodate the second aerial, a second short mast, just in front of the bridge, was employed as the other end of the aerial fixed to the main mast. Radio Caroline, once home to DJs such as Tony blackburn, pictured here on board the Mi Amigo in 1965, is returning to the airwaves. Caroline caused more interference to Spectrum than vice versa. The Ross Revenge was larger than Mi Amigo and with more elaborate transmitting equipment: in 1983, two 5 kW RCA transmitters and a RCA 50 kW unit. On 3 March 1977, Caroline closed, announcing that it would return six days later on 319 metres. Disc jockey Tony Allan developed a following, combining Loving Awareness with a professional style, humanity, knowledge of music and rich radio voice. A brief name change from Radio North Sea International during the UK General Election campaign, after which the station reverted to its original name. These analogue transmissions ended and a full digital service from Astra 28.2°E started in February 2003.[48]. When Laser returned as Laser Hot Hits, it used Caroline's former and inferior frequency of 576 kHz. Eventually, Caroline left 558 kHz and moved to 819 kHz. The crew was rescued by a RAF helicopter. This two-day broadcast featured Phil Mitchell, Paul Dennis, Colin Lamb, John Patrick, Barry James, Steve Cisco and Clive Boutell. It was launched at Easter 1964 when Simon Dee was its first ever DJ. The featured djs include Rob Eden and Harvey the Rabbit and they are assisted by lots of very heavy metal rock music and, of course, Santa Claus. In October 1965, O'Rahilly bought Crawford's interest in the MV Mi Amigo and engaged Tom Lodge from Radio Caroline North to make programme changes and regain the audience from Radio London. Former offshore broadcasters who continue on the station are: Roger Mathews, Nigel Harris, Martin Fisher, Marc Jacobs, Johnny Lewis, Doug Wood, Dave Foster, Cliff Osbourne, Chris Pearson, Bob Lawrence, Jeremy Chartham and Ad Roberts. Encouraged by Scandinavian and Dutch radio pirates, in February 1964 O'Rahilly obtained the 702-ton former Danish passenger ferry Fredericia, which was converted into a radio ship at the Irish port of Greenore, owned by O'Rahilly's father. Rough weather sometimes prevented tapes from arriving and old programmes had to be repeated. Caroline broadcast regular apologies to Spectrum listeners but refused to vacate the channel. The following day James Murphy, an investigator for the UK Office of the Official Solicitor, acting for the Department of Trade and Industry, joined colleagues and counterparts from the Netherlands Radio Regulatory Authority to execute an armed raid on the Ross Revenge in which equipment was damaged or confiscated. Picture: ARCHANT LIBRARY - Credit: dave kindred A record is cued up. Quality Album Channel. In 2011 Radio Caroline joined Radioplayer UK, an internet service formed by the BBC, Global Radio and the Guardian Media Group that supplies a live feed of UK radio stations to across the world.[53]. A request to stop broadcasting on short wave 6.215 MHz was complied with, and after several hours the government ship returned to port. During 2013, a survey showed a continued move from satellite reception and growth in internet listening. [61], Firsthand account – During a training mission on a HH-53 rescue helicopter from the 67th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron out of, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Marine, &c., Broadcasting (Offences) Act 1967, Report of the Committee on the Future of Broadcasting, "Radio Caroline now available on London DAB", "Ofcom awards five new AM community radio licences", "When pop pirates ruled Britannia's airwaves", "Snubbed by the radio and music establishment, O'Rahilly devises the sweet revenge of Radio Caroline", "The Pirate Radio Hall of Fame: Sylvan the Stowaway", "Dorothy Calvert: Rock'n'roll entrepreneur and pirate radio pioneer", "Wireless and Television Pirate Stations (1966)", "The day we woke up to pop music on Radio 1", "Caroline continues alone, is overwhelmed by difficulties but returns to punish the politicians", "How a radio ship and 7 men shook up Britain in 1964", "This site is put together by Johnny Lewis, an engineer and presenter who worked on the station at the time", "The Pirate Radio Hall of Fame: the seventies", http://images.45cat.com/the-one-shots-caroline-jingles-jumbo.jpg, "Sheerness Lifeboats: Station History and Awards", "Appeal for memories of the Grimsby trawler Ross Revenge", "The wet and wild history of Radio Caroline (4)", "Photos of the transmitters can be found here", "Radio Caroline: Into the new millennium", "Bringing Caroline into the new millennium", "Radio Caroline finally appears on Sky EPG", "Radio Caroline decides to get rid of its EPG slot", "Radio Caroline App for iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch on iTunes Store", "Ronan O'Rahilly, Radio Caroline founder who inspired UK pop and pirate radio, dies aged 79", "Radio Puketapu stakeholder has pirate past", How 7 men and a radio ship shook up Britain (Flashes & Flames), Radio Caroline, Ramsey Harbour 15/08/1967 & 28/08/1964, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Radio_Caroline&oldid=998581884, Classic rock radio stations in the United Kingdom, Internet radio stations in the United Kingdom, Pirate radio stations in the United Kingdom, Rock radio stations in the United Kingdom, Defunct radio stations in the United Kingdom, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from June 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Radio Caroline on 199, your all day music station" (1960s). Simon Dee was later joined by Tony Blackburn, Tony Prince, Dave Lee Travis and Johnnie Walker. They feature the Caroline Roadshow, a rock event linked to Radio Caroline. [60], In Palmerston, Radio Caroline International, based in Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain, acquired an AM commercial broadcasting licence in 2008, and was seeking wavelengths in Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch. On 9 August 1985, an official vessel anchored 150 yards from the Ross Revenge. Curabitur pellentesque lorem eget purus venenatis rutrum velit molestie. Another Belgian station, Radio Mi Amigo International, launched on 1 January 1974; it was run by Belgian businessman and Suzy Waffles owner Sylvain Tack. [49] This ended on 1 July 2011 after a failure to renegotiate costs with Sky and deciding not to pursue a Freesat EPG slot. However, in October 1987 a massive storm hit southern England, causing deaths and severe damage. From December 1984 the Ross Revenge broadcast Radio Monique, recorded and live Dutch-language programmes of a Dutch music radio production company using the 50 kW transmitter during daytime. These broadcasts took place between 1970 and 1973.[18]. [59], In January 2002, a Dutch Caroline fan called Sietse Brouwer launched a Netherlands-based Dutch Radio Caroline in Harlingen, broadcasting on the northern Netherlands cable networks and largely independent of UK Caroline. One DJ, Tom Lodge, even took his long-term partner on board with him, who apparently used to walk around the boat wearing see-through negligee. The first record played was Fool (If You Think It's Over), by Chris Rea, dedicated to the British Home Office. DJs ready to rock again at stone unveiling for Radio Caroline at Felixstowe this weekend Legendary disc jockey Emperor Rosko – one of the best known voices on radio of the 1960s and 70s – will be at Felixstowe this weekend for a special celebration of Radio Caroline. [5] During summer 1973, it broadcast separate stations in English and Dutch simultaneously, on 389 m / 773 kHz and 252 m (announced as 259) / 1187 kHz. When it was launched with Teddy Johnson as the DJ in 1948, it was about a decade ahead of the BBC, who started Pick of The Pops in 1955, but which didn't begin an actual Top 20 until March, 1958 with David Jacobs. Another RSL broadcast ran from 7 August until 3 September 2004, with the ship moored at the cruise liner terminal jetty at Tilbury in Essex. At this time Caroline was still broadcasting from the North Sea. Robbie Dale (real name Robbie Robinson) 'The Admiral' was born in Littleborough, Lancashire, England on 21 April 1940. During the 1970s, Dale, now retired from broadcasting, ran a contract cleaning business in London, and one of his major contracts was with Capital Radio. At the same time, Allan Crawford's Project Atlanta was equipping the MV Mi Amigo at Greenore, where the two competed to be the first on air. Caroline's album format meant that, although the station served a gap in the market, its audience was smaller than in the 1960s. [24] The station's offices and studios were in Brakel, Belgium, but moved to Castell-Platja d'Aro, Costa Brava, Spain in March 1975 after a raid by Belgian police. DJs Chris Cary, broadcasting as Spangles Muldoon (who was also station manager), Roger 'Twiggy' Day, Andy Archer, Paul Alexander, Steve England, Johnny Jason and Peter Chicago (real name Peter Murtha)[23] manned the station. [citation needed]. The Mi Amigo "Top 50" tapes were flown over by helicopter to get them on board more quickly. Pop Singles From the 60s & 70s. Ray Clark) and Rob Charles. Caroline returned to the air using a makeshift aerial with a less powerful signal. The following disc-jockeys from the sixties have been inducted into The Pirate Radio Hall of Fame. Original 1960s Caroline North jingles were interspersed with generic Radio Caroline ones. 15 August 1967 following passage of the Marine Offences Act, Broadcasting from various locations offshore to Western Europe. He was opposed by some DJs and crew who had worked on the Mi Amigo and the album format stayed along with presenters such as Andy Archer, Samantha Dubois, Grant Benson, Robin Ross and Simon Barrett. Radio Caroline's transmission output was almost 20 kW, achieved by linking two 10 kW Continental Electronics transmitters. [44] Evangelical programmes and sponsored specialist music are broadcast. [23], Between 11 and 20 April 1973, the ship broadcast for Radio Veronica while its ship, the Norderney, was aground. On 30th Sept 1967, BBC Radio 1 was launched in the UK. The Radio Caroline name was used to broadcast from international waters, using five different ships with three different owners, from 1964 to 1990, and via satellite from 1998 to 2013. Here they produced programmes for Dutch-speaking holidaymakers, mostly Europop, Top 40, MOR and Dutch language popular music presented by Belgian, Dutch and occasionally English DJs with frequent commercials. Over the following months, Caroline's signal quality improved as transmitting valves were donated and programming returned to normal. After the closedown of Radio Caroline he worked on the Dutch pirate radio ship Radio Veronica from May 1968 to August 1969. Pellentesque porttitor velit sapieni malesuada risusin placerat donec pretium mauris a lacus suscipit, vitaey elementum arcu feugiat. News service at peak hours. [5] The generator was left running but the pumps could not manage and the vessel sank 10 minutes later. The ship was further delayed by hull damage, and repaired before writs could be issued. Finally, Radio Mi Amigo moved to 962 kHz on 1 December. On 30 August 1974 Mi Amigo moved from the Dutch coast to the Knock Deep Channel, approximately 12 miles (19 km) from the British coast. The band broke up in 1977; Watt-Roy and Charles played on Ian Dury's New Boots and Panties!! This request, and one to stop transmissions on 819 kHz, was refused. Former Radio Caroline DJ Tony Blackburn was the first presenter on air. [29] During this period each night transmission of Radio Caroline started with Calling Occupants of Interplanetary Craft by the progressive Rock Band Klaatu, issued in 1976 on their album 3:47 E.S.T. Obviously, we hope to be back with you as soon as possible, but just for the moment we would like to say goodbye. In November 1985, the competing offshore station, Laser 558, closed after electrical problems and Caroline moved from 576 kHz to Laser's 558 kHz frequency, with a Top 40 music format similar to Laser's under the name Caroline 558. Tenders and boat owners were warned, and some were prosecuted for ferrying staff and provisions to the ship. This was replaced by a twin-mast T-antenna. [42] Dedicated apps for listening via Apple IOS[51] and Android[52] devices are also available. Pirate radio Dale was chief DJ on the offshore pirate radio ship Radio Caroline. At its peak, the station had 23 million listeners. The transmitter was initially too powerful for the antenna insulators. News at peak hours: 7, 8, 9 am, 1 pm; 5, 6, 7 pm, with headlines at 6:30 am, 7:30 am and 8:30 am. [5], Financial backing for the venture came from six investors, including John Sheffield, chairman of Norcross, Carl "Jimmy" Ross of Ross Foods, and Jocelyn Stevens of Queen magazine, with which Radio Caroline shared its first office. [23] The ship anchored off the Dutch coastal resort of Scheveningen and was serviced and operated from the Netherlands. These stories continued and included co-operation by a former member of the Beatles and a sign-on date of 1 July; the station failed to appear. Robbie moved from Dublin to Lanzarote (Canary Islands) in 1989, where he now operates a holiday apartment complex. The Mi Amigo was tendered clandestinely from Britain, France, Belgium and the Netherlands. Caroline can be heard on DAB+ in Aldershot, Birmingham, Cambridge, Brighton, Glasgow, Norwich, London,[2] Portsmouth, Poulton-le-Fylde and Woking. During Easter 2008, the station broadcast live for three days from the Ross Revenge, featuring presenters who had worked on the Mi Amigo in the late 1970s: Roger Mathews, Mike Stevens, Bob Lawrence, Brian Martin, Martin Fisher, Cliff Osbourne, Jeremy Chartham, Marc Jacobs, Ad Roberts, Dick Verheul and Kees Borrell. Lodge hired new DJs and introduced free-form programming which, by August 1966, had succeeded, creating an audience of 23 million. Radio Caroline is broadcast in the Republic of Ireland on channel 927 on the UPC Ireland cable service in the main cities of Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Galway, Waterford and Cappoquin, and the County Waterford towns of Lismore and Tallow. Emperor Rosko (right) on the deck of the Radio Caroline ship Mi Amigo with fellow DJ Tom Lodge in 1966. The station restarted just before Christmas as Radio 199 but soon became Radio Caroline, with a Top 40 format. On New Year’s Eve 1964, the Postmaster-General, Anthony Wedgwood Benn, announced that he was seeking legislation to make sure that famine hit the Caroline ships. It left Spain, with an incomplete studio, to avoid legal entanglements. Internet streaming of Radio Caroline programmes continued. Smedley later withdrew from the deal. In late 1972, Radio Caroline had money problems. He intended to starve them out by making it an offence … Broadcasting from various offshore locations to Western Europe, Status unclear and mainly operated by supporters, Radio Atlantis 1973 and Radio Mi-Amigo 1974–1978, Geographic areas bordering upon North Sea, 963 kHz (wavelength announced as "319" metres) later moving to 819 kHz with additional transmitter in 531–594 kHz range (principally 558 kHz). On 27 April, the Mi Amigo was fully operational. [17], On 3 March 1968, the radio ships Mi Amigo and Caroline, were boarded and seized before the day's broadcasting began. We broadcast around the world using multiple internet streams in crystal clear stereo. Since 1991, the Ross Revenge has been maintained by enthusiasts called the Radio Caroline Support Group, originally the Ross Revenge Support Group. 1,575 talking about this. On 12 June 2006, the station bought an EPG slot on Sky channel 0199. In May 2017, Ofcom awarded the station an AM band community licence to broadcast to Suffolk and north Essex;[3] full-time broadcasting, via a previously redundant BBC World Service transmitter mast at Orford Ness, commenced on 22 December 2017.[4]. Some of these 28-day Restricted Service Licence (RSL) broadcasts took place from the Ross Revenge during the 1990s, with the ship anchored off Clacton, in London's Canary Wharf, Southend Pier and off the Isle of Sheppey in Kent. (Gordon): Well, we're sorry to tell you that due to the severe weather conditions and the fact that we are shipping quite a lot of water, we are closing down, and the crew are at this stage leaving the ship. [28] Radio Caroline returned to the air on 15 April 1979. The station returned at 8 pm and continued until after midnight to avoid competition with popular television programmes. The station tried to obtain a licence from a developing country,[41] hoping it might offer protection from the new provisions in the Broadcasting Act 1990 which came into force on 31 December that year. Radio Caroline tried several frequencies, among them 963, 576, 585 (briefly), 558 (after Laser 558 closed) and later 819 kHz. Broadcasters included Tony Christian, Pawl "Hound Dog" Shanley, Dave Fox, Simon West, Dale Richardson and Peter D.[citation needed]. The Fredericia was renamed MV Caroline and anchored off Felixstowe, Suffolk, where it began test transmissions on Friday, 27 March 1964. We're not leaving and disappearing, we're going onto the lifeboat hoping that the pumps can take it; if they can, we'll be back, if not, well, we really don't like to say it. Her story illustrates how uniquely dangerous government regards an independent voice transmitted over unrestricted airwaves and to what ends it will go to silence it."[39]. Since September 2015, Radio Caroline has been broadcasting 'live' for one weekend each month[55] as "Radio Caroline North" (with original DJs and a mixed sixties, seventies and eighties music content and jingles) from its former home the MV Ross Revenge on the Blackwater Estuary in Essex, via Manx Radio's 1368 kHz 20 kW transmitter on the Isle of Man. In October 1965, negotiations began for Radio Caroline to take over Radio City, which broadcast from Shivering Sands Army Fort, a Second World War marine fort off the Kent[5] coast. The medium wave frequency was 235 metres (1278 kHz) and programmes were sent through ISDN landline to Maidstone and via the internet and broadcast on satellite. At one minute past midnight on 1 October 2001, Caroline returned on 1503 kHz from the LV (Light Vessel) 18 in Harwich harbour. They emailed me back to say they don't give out their studios address on air as they said people would be turning up uninvited hoping to get to meet the presenters and people behind the scenes and this would be unfair to them and their neighbours. On 3 September 1985 at 00:00 hours the Dioptric Surveyor departed in a storm. He recorded a single, "Soul Mama" for Pink Elephant records, released in 1969. Later that day, the Dutch Royal Navy returned the crew and fighting broke out on board. Commercial programming commenced at noon on Friday 22 December 2017, with a signal that could be heard as far afield as Southampton, Birmingham, Glasgow and in large parts of The Netherlands and Belgium. At midnight, Caroline DJ's Johnnie Walker and Robbie Dale, along with newsreader … [clarification needed]. That this House expresses its disappointment that, having pioneered commercial radio in the UK and for the past decade being a fully licensed broadcaster, Radio Caroline, a cornerstone of British radio history, has been denied by OFCOM the opportunity to secure a medium wave frequency from which to broadcast; regrets that as a result its devoted listeners are confined to listening to Radio Caroline via the internet and unable to enjoy its musical offerings in transit; and calls on OFCOM to exhaust all avenues in making the provisions available for Radio Caroline to celebrate its 50th birthday in 2014 by broadcasting on a medium wave frequency which, it appears, is unwanted by both BBC and commercial operators as a broadcast platform."[57]. RNI operated on medium wave, short wave and FM. The Move’s “Flowers In The Rain” was the first record played. Following the election, RNI resumed its original name but jamming continued under the newly-elected Conservative government. March 1964 Radio Caroline is founded by the Irish businessman Ronan O'Rahilly in international waters off Felixstowe. Radio Caroline Ltd. and Caroline Support Group (originally called the Ross Revenge Support Group). Welcome to the exciting new sound of Radio 1.” Wonderful Radio 1 had arrived. [5], Smedley was charged with Calvert's murder on 18 July, but this was reduced to a charge of manslaughter. The 10 kW transmitters could run on the Henschel generator beside the two main MAN units and also a Cummins unit on the aft deck behind the wheelhouse.[27]. On 24 March 1970, a radio ship named Mebo II anchored off the east coast of England during the UK general election campaign, broadcasting as Radio North Sea International (RNI). The name was taken from Caroline Bay, a popular recreation area nearby. [citation needed]. The Radio Caroline DJs, including David Lee Travis and Tony Blackburn, were photographed at Walton police station in Essex after their ship ran aground in 1966. I hope for Caroline enthusiasts that you will enjoy this set. Two days later, Mi Amigo was towed to IJmuiden and seized because of unpaid bills. [56], From 31 March to 27 April 2014, a Caroline North tribute station, based on the Planet Lightship berthed in the Albert Dock complex on Liverpool's waterfront, broadcast locally on 87.7FM and on the internet. Around this time, O'Rahilly decided Caroline should adopt an album format similar to FM progressive rock stations in the US, an audience not catered for in Europe. The radio channel was founded by her brother and she soon became one of the most loved radio personalities. During the 70’s and 80’s the was the main personality of an underground radio channel that was the first ever station owned by a black person. To hurry this because the lifeboat is standing by Dutch coastal resort of Scheveningen and was serviced and operated the! In 2002, Caroline was off the air using a makeshift aerial with a less powerful.! 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