In reading, âSouthern Horrors: Women and the Politics of Rape and Lynching,â the reader will see into the lives and struggles of both Felton and Wells-Barnett. The Ku Klux Klan (KKK). The second chapter contains a detailed summary of Southern Horrors, divided into five subsections. She is not afraid to say that the social, political, and economic power structure supports lynching. During this period of Reconstruction, the majority of white citizens still fostered â¦ She says these newspapers stir up the public against African Americans and encourage the lynching of blacks based on hearsay reports of rape. Wells Southern Horrors and Other Writings by Jacqueline Royster is a great awakening to the gruesome horrors of the lynchings of the late 1800âs. With no help coming from the government, they must look to themselves. Wells dedicated most of her life to spreading the word about the horrific nature of lynching in the American South. She cites as an example the fact that almost all of the Southern states passed laws segregating rail travel (following the repeal of the Civil Rights Act of 1883). Nor was lynching confined to the South or the post–Civil War era. This section of the pamphlet begins by commenting on the speeches Henry W. Grady (1850-89) gave in New England and New York. An illustration of a magnifying glass. These incidents demonstrate that black men were falsely accused of rape and other crimes. Wells dedicated most of her life to spreading the word about the horrific nature of lynching in the American South Wells was a journalist, teacher, rights activist, and a public speaker. From that brief comment it might be assumed that the women had shared views and experiences of the world. The altercation provided the white men the small opportunity they needed to resist the progress of three Negroes, and they took full, The Prize: The Epic Quest For Oil, Money, And Power, Importance Of Modernisation Theory Of India. As a result, lynch law prevailed. Southern Horrors Study Guide. Wells points out that not only did African Americans lose rights, but they also continue to be murdered—878 by lynching from 1884 to 1892. Hundreds of African Americans were viciously murdered, as the government failed to step in and stop the killings. Ida B. Wells-Barnettâs Southern Horrors was published with the intention of bringing awareness to the injustice of Southern lynching and exposing its true purpose. Her text is remarkable for its time. But even so, the statistics show that lynching is not primarily a response to rape. She fought for civil rights and women's rights for the rest of her life. Ida B Wells Southern Horrors Summary. First, she points out that the South owes its "rehabilitation," or recovery from the Civil War, to Northern money and "Afro-American labor." It contains a frank discussion of the sexual politics of race. Neither of them could return to Memphis, and the paper was shut down. Ida B. Wells-Barnettâs Southern Horrors was published with the intention of bringing awareness to the injustice of Southern lynching and exposing its true purpose. Wells shared a story in her autobiography of three friends who were murdered because they operated a grocery store that was in competition with a different store operated by a white man. Southern Horrors is the history of two 19th-century women, Rebecca Felton and Ida Wells, who, in rather different ways, campaigned in the southern states of the United States against sexual violence towards women. Excerpt(fromIda(B.(Wells,(Southern)Horrors,1892.(ChapterOne:THE(OFFENSE(Wednesday(evening(May(24,(1892,(the(city(of(Memphis(was(filled(with(excitement. Retrieved January 7, 2021, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Southern-Horrors/. Southern Horrors and Other Writings: The Anti-Lynching Campaign of Ida B. Wells discusses the injustice and horrors of Southern lynch laws, focusing especially on the violence enacted against African Americans following the Civil War and Reconstruction Era. The lesson meant to be learned by the black community is subordination. In the New South, African Americans are still robbed of their vote, their civil rights, due process, and the fruits of their labors. Wells was a journalist, teacher, rights activist, and a public speaker. By: Ida B. Wells references civil rights laws in this section. 7 Jan. 2021. August 22, 2018. Does the author display a bias? In fact, Grady presents a rosy picture of the South to his potential Northern backers, claiming that racial problems have been solved. The main character that the story singles out the most is the Granny. Wells was a journalist, teacher, rights activist, and a public speaker. Ida B. Wells supports her thesis with information gleaned from an extensive investigation of the widespread, lawless torture and murder of black men and women. This week in class, weâre reading "Excerpt from Southern Horrors: Lynch Laws in All Its Phases" by Ida B. Wells.In âExcerpt from Southern Horrors: Lynch Laws in All Its Phases,â historical activist Ida B. The "Southern barbarism" which deserves the serious attention of all people North and South, is the barbarism which preys upon weak and defenseless women. Paperback $ 7.95. Wells continued to fight against lynching, writing two additional investigative reports, A Red Record (1895) and Mob Rule in New Orleans (1900). Black people have learned enough to know they are hopelessly behind their white counterparts, this writer claims. Wells notes that "the appeal to the white man's pocket has ever been more effectual than all the appeals ever made to his conscience.". By acquiescing to the so-called necessity of frontier justice, the American people are opening the door to anarchy, lawlessness, and injustice. Who is the author and what segment of the population was this author attempting to reach? Another mob of 75 white men stormed the jail where the grocers were being held. The lynch mob took charge of the prisoners and promptly and brutally murdered them. Wells argues against the lynching of African Americans of the time. These ritualized killings were public displays designed to terrorize black people from claiming economic or political power. In 1892 Ida B. He was a spokesman for "the New South" after the Civil War and sought Northern investment in fledgling Southern industries. The populace also turns a blind eye to these proceedings. Southern Horrors provides a startling view into the Jim Crow South where the precarious and subordinate position of women linked black and white anti-rape activists together in fragile political alliances. It is a story that reveals how the complex drama of political power, race, and sex played out in the lives of Southern women. But this has not been the case, says Wells. Wells argues against the lynching of African Americans of the time. They believed they would eventually be allowed to participate in governance. She notes that if it became well known that African Americans were ready to fire on intruders, white aggressors might have "greater respect for African American life." Accessed January 7, 2021. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Southern-Horrors/. It is an intimidation tactic used by white men to retain rule in the South following the Civil War. Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases is a pamphlet which documented research on a lynching. The writer says blacks wish to get even with whites because they (African Americans) know they are inferior. Have study documents to share about Southern Horrors? Wells relates details, mostly gleaned from newspapers, of more than a dozen incidents in which black men either ran away after being charged or were jailed or tortured and killed. The author ends her treatise with specific advice for African Americans. Pamphlet. Ida Bell Wells-Barnett (July 16, 1862 â March 25, 1931) was an American investigative journalist, educator, and early leader in the civil rights movement.She was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). The book examines racial and sexual violence in the South during the Jim Crow era by pairing the stories of two women--the black anti-lynching advocate Ida B. Wells juxtaposes the innocence of the black men with incidents of white men guilty of raping or attempting to rape black women or girls. Second, she urges Southern blacks to turn their backs on places where they are oppressed and marginalized and to emigrate to other cities, states or territories. Wells â¦ As a result, "the black shadow of lawlessness in the form of lynch law is spreading its wings over the whole country." 768 Words 4 Pages. Wells also demonstrates how white women are under pressure to lie about these affairs and ensure their lovers' deaths. The preface to the pamphlet explains the evolution of the study, saying its purpose is to give an unvarnished, or true, account of Southern lynching. Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases was the first documented analysis of postâCivil War lynching in the United States. Copyright © 2016. She spoke widely in public forums, going as far as England to get her cause in front of the public. He strongly condemns lynching as "dastardly submission to the mob reign." Moreover, Southern men may go overboard in their accusations. He received only six months for this crime and later became a detective in Nashville. Course Hero, Inc. As a reminder, you may only use Course Hero content for your own personal use and may not copy, distribute, or otherwise exploit it for any other purpose. Summary Of Ida B. Wells-Barnett's Southern Horrors 1305 Words | 6 Pages. Course Hero. Wellsâ uses many strategies and techniques to make her arguments as convincing as possible throughout her â¦ Wells points out that community leaders, including clergy and newspaper people, have tacitly encouraged lynching by not speaking out. The victim is often subjected to torture before or after being hanged. But in fact, even if a man commits such a crime, he is still entitled to due process under the law and is innocent until proven guilty. Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Stamped from the Beginning, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. The writer claims the unprotected families of the South were left unharmed by their slaves when white men went off to fight in the Civil War. This leads the white public to arrive at a conclusion that damages the "moral reputation" of their women. On the other hand, Wells points out that the New South is the same as the Old South for African Americans. In essence, the court took the teeth out of these amendments. Wells points out the double standard, reminding the reader about black female slaves who had been raped or taken as mistresses by whites during their long captivity in the South. What does this document reveal about the mentality of slaveholders and their view of the world…, An Analysis of Southern Horrors and Other Writings In the period immediately following the Civil War, racial tensions were extremely high in the South. Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Stamped from the Beginning, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Free for commercial use, no attribution required. Free Speech thus advised black people to leave Memphis and settle elsewhere, and they did leave in large numbers. About 6,000 African Americans left Memphis as a result of Ida B. NOOK Book. She is also unusual for her time in her radical response to racial oppression. The pamphlet directly confronts and debunks the idea that lynching was a legitimate response to the alleged rape of white women by black men. One claims that African Americans have lost their "wholesome awe of the white race which kept the Negroes in subjection." In addition, black men were also being punished for consensual relations between themselves and their white female partners. "Southern Horrors Study Guide." This was after she commented on the false perception of the honor of Southern white women. Of the 728 of these victims counted by the Chicago Tribune, only one-third had been charged with rape, not judged to be guilty. 768 Words 4 Pages. It is a story that reveals how the complex drama of political power, race, and sex played out in the lives of Southern women. It ended in a confrontation between a white mob and the black grocers, who shot and wounded three white men barging into their store. The writer says the families were safe because black people still knew how to keep their place. She told her husband that Dated: 1892 - 1892. (2018, August 22). Summary: "This brief volume introduces readers to the prominent reformer and journalist Ida B. Their store competed with a white-owned store nearby that had previously monopolized the trade of the area's black citizens. Wells also includes a short letter from Frederick Douglass, a respected abolitionist and African American statesman, which endorses the pamphlet for exposing lynching crime. In fact, the court's decisions opened wide the door to sanctioned racial discrimination, segregation, and the provision of "separate but equal" accommodations. This newspaper tirade was followed by a meeting of leading businessmen of Memphis, who came together to discuss a retaliatory lynching. Another young woman, age 17, gave birth to a black child and refused to reveal the name of her black partner. The author's friends were black entrepreneurs who had opened the People's Grocery Company. In another case, a white woman gave birth to a black child and named three men as the father. Ida Bell Wells (1862-1931) was an African American journalist, suffragist, sociologist, and an early leader in the Civil Rights Movement. During this period of Reconstruction, the majority of white citizens still fostered deep hatred towards recently â¦ About the Author: Journalist and speaker Ida B. Wells-Barnett (1862â1931) is best known for leading the fight against the lynching of African Americans in the late nineteenth â¦ For example, one white woman indicted for miscegenation swore in court she was not white to avoid jail time and remain with her lover. Book from Project Gutenberg: Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases. Southern Horrors provides a startling view into the Jim Crow South where the precarious and subordinate position of women linked black and white anti-rape activists together in fragile political alliances. ï»¿SOUTHERN HORRORS In the late 19th century, Ida B. Both black and white leaders who approve of lynching for the crime of rape open the door to lynching for any crime. Southern Horrors: Ida B. Wells, 1892-1900 / "This brief volume introduces readers to the prominent reformer and journalist Ida B. Wells provides additional examples of interracial coupling, claiming there are thousands of such cases. Effects of Southern Horrors. 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